November 30, 2021 | Reading Time: 3 minutes

Is the US ‘truly one nation’?

It feels good to think so.

Connecticut Governor Ned Lamont, left, and Florida Governor Ron DeSantis.
Connecticut Governor Ned Lamont, left, and Florida Governor Ron DeSantis.

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I was thinking about the theory of political union, as opposed to its practice, when I came across this line from the founder of USA Today. In 1982, on the frontpage of the first edition of his fledgling daily, the late Gannet CEO Al Neuharth expressed aspirations for his new venture. “USA Today hopes to serve as a forum for better understanding and unity to make the USA truly one nation.”

But there may be no better counterargument than Connecticut’s and Florida’s opposing approaches to the covid pandemic and their opposing definitions of success. For one, it’s living. (Yay!) For the other, it’s dying. (Don’t tread on me!) In the difference lies a profound truth. 

That phrase jumped out at me — truly one nation. The implications seem many and varied. On the one hand, America is not currently one nation. If it is, it’s not a true one. On the other hand, it’s becoming one, true nation. But if it’s becoming one true nation, what is it right now? Then there’s that phrase — “better understanding and (better) unity.” The presumption seems to be that more facts and more knowledge strengthen the bonds between and among these united states. 

It’s a worthy goal, I’ll admit. It’s also a catchy slogan. But is any of it true? Is the United States one nation? If it isn’t, will it be? Does a better understanding lead to a better republic? I suspect most would say yes. Knowledge is power, after all. It advances the nation’s common purpose. Meanwhile, the United States is, not the United States are.

Yet this uncontroversial belief — that the United States is one nation, that a better understanding of the facts makes for a stronger republic — can inspire silliness on the part of some very serious people whose elite status among other very serious people makes them allergic to silliness. Here I’m thinking about Anjani Jain and Jeffrey Sonnenfeld, both administrators at the ballyhooed Yale School of Management. 

Back in August, they co-wrote an article for Fortune in which they compared pandemic responses by the governors of Florida and Connecticut. While the former’s Ron DeSantis took a rigid, cynical and anti-intellectual approach, they wrote, the latter’s Ned Lamont took a science-based, problem-solving and collaborative approach. The result, Jain and Sonnenfeld said, was a delta variant raging across the Sunshine State versus a contained spread in the Land of Steady Habits. 


There are many and varied reasons for the difference, they wrote, but chief among them is leadership style. “Leadership matters,” Jain and Sonnenfeld wrote. “Leadership matters not only in determining the effectiveness of government’s response to the public health crisis, but in shaping both individual opinions and the sense of common purpose.”

This is silly. Why? Leadership does not explain the difference between approaches to the pandemic. This can be demonstrated by swapping governors. Would Lamont’s science-based, problem-solving and collaborative approach work in Florida? I don’t live there. Let’s say maybe. (I doubt it, though.) Would DeSantis’ rigid, cynical and anti-intellectual approach work in Connecticut? I live in New Haven. The answer is absolutely oh-hell-no. We’d run him out of the capital. 

If anything, their leadership styles reflect the dominant political cultures of their states, which in turn explain the difference between approaches. In Florida, anti-intellectualism is good. Railing against the “tyranny of science” is popular. Ergo, DeSantis rails. In Connecticut, anti-intellectualism is bad. The “tyranny of science” is stupid. Ergo, Lamont follows the science. Both governors are meeting standards set by their dominant political cultures. Both governors are “succeeding” despite the otherwise obvious difference between living and dying.


Is the United States truly one nation? Does a better understanding of the facts make for a stronger republic? We like to think so. But there may be no better counterargument than Connecticut’s and Florida’s opposing definitions of success. For one, it’s living. (Yay!) For the other, it’s dying. (Don’t tread on me!) In the difference lies a profound truth. 

To wit: The United States are, not the United States is, for people like Ron DeSantis and the Floridians who support him. Knowledge isn’t power. It’s danger. It does not advance a nation’s common purpose. There is no nation. There is no common purpose. To project a presence onto an absence — to insist there is such a thing as a common national purpose among those who believe there should be no such thing — is to threaten people such that they risk their lives fighting it.

It’s said Al Neuharth was meticulous about appearances. No newspaper of his was going to be credibly accused of bias. USA Today never endorsed a presidential nominee. (That changed in 2016, though). 

But for all his concern about seeming impartial, he was nevertheless partial. Same for the Yale School of Management’s Anjani Jain and Jeffrey Sonnenfeld. It can’t be otherwise, not when efforts to make “the USA truly one nation,” not when leadership in the service of a common purpose, make mortal enemies out of Americans who deny both.

John Stoehr is the editor of the Editorial Board. He writes the daily edition. Find him @johnastoehr.


  1. Rob Benjamin on November 30, 2021 at 5:49 pm

    Way back in 1941, W.J. Cash effectively debunked the idea of the U.S. as “one nation” in “The Mind of the South”. In 1981, Joel Garreau debunked it in “The Nine Nations of North America. In 2012, Colin Woodard did the same in “American Nations”. In 2103, Tracy Thompson did it in “The New Mind Of the South”. In 2015, Arlie Russell Hochschild did it again in “Strangers In Their Own Land”. Kathy Cramer’s 2016 book “The Politics Of Resentment” took Wisconsin as the archetype of America’s deepening urban-rural divide.

    For the life of me, I can’t understand how anyone can still think that a country long divided into such mutually incompatible, and increasingly hostile cultures could be described as “one nation”.

    • Avatar photo John Stoehr on November 30, 2021 at 8:57 pm

      Such a great list of resources. Many thanks!

  2. JW Smart on November 30, 2021 at 7:10 pm

    No. We are not. And we should stop acting like we are. Federalism is a train wreck spreading at us. The Senate a country club that allows tiny backwards backwards to dominate economic engines like California. The sooner we break up the better.


  3. Rob Benjamin on December 2, 2021 at 5:28 pm

    if, as seems certain, Roe is overturned, it will likely be a Pyhrric victory for the Anti-Choice Right. Here are some of what I think will be likely consequences:

    1. State universities, such as the University of Mississippi, the University of Alabama and others in GOP-controlled states will see a dramatic decline in applications from students in states where abortion rights are safe. Students from those states now enrolled in those same schools will transfer to other states where abortion rights are safe.
    2. Graduates of those schools will refuse to seek employment in GOP-controlled states and will overwhelmingly seek employment in states where abortion rights are safe.
    3. Companies headquartered out-of-state and foreign companies will either not consider expanding operations in those states or start to move their operations to other states where abortion rights are safe.
    4. Employees and potential employees of national companies with operations in those states will refuse jobs in those states.
    5. Existing underground networks of pill-based, do-it-yourself abortion support services, e.g. Aid Access, will expand their operations in every state that outlaws abortion and will spawn similar activist groups.
    6. Amendments to state constitutions to guarantee not only abortion rights but reproductive rights in general will become major campaign issues in every state that allows amendments by ballot initiative. These will become especially bitter in those with anti-abortion “trigger laws”.
    7. GOP registration will decline at an accelerating rate among all groups other than White Evangelicals. Fall-off will be especially deep among suburban White women with college degrees.

    And these are just the beginning.

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